Wood-plastic composites (WPCs) are formed using thermoplastic (ABS, PE, PP, PVC) and organic fibers, such as barley and wood fiber. These composites can be extruded, hot-pressed, or injection molded, resulting in a material that is similar in texture and appearance to natural wood.
While it is desirable to use natural wood in many applications, such as flooring, furniture, and architecture, wood is not always easy to acquire, especially in certain regions where access to large amounts of timber is limited. Moreover, if the wood is not properly treated or maintained, it would be prone to water damage. Water damage can lead to warping, bloating, and cracking. Over a long period of time, untreated and poorly maintained wood structures will deteriorate due to water damage, termite infestation, mold or fungus. In situations where there is little or no access to wood or construction materials, or where maintenance costs need to be minimized, plastic-wood composites can be the ideal alternative.
Wood-plastic composites (WPCs) are also environmentally-friendly. They are 100% recyclable and can be produced using a minimal amount of wood, reducing the amount of logging required to produce a comparable amount of construction material. They also exhibit better insulating properties than wood, potentially reducing energy consumption in homes. Plastic-wood composites have excellent size-stability — they do not bloat nor shrink as easily as wood does. JPWs retain the strength of wood, combining the elasticity and impact resistance of plastic, thereby incorporating the most desirable physical properties of both wood and plastic into a single composite material.